• Damar Isti Pratiwi Politeknik Perkeretaapian Indonesia Madiun, Indonesia
  • Budi Waluyo School of Languages and General Education, Walailak University, Thailand



English proficiency, game-based learning, listening comprehension, reading comprehension, task-based learning, TOEFL


The COVID-19 epidemic has compelled educational institutions worldwide to implement online learning while maintaining the same level of quality as face-to-face instruction. The majority of universities in Indonesia offer TOEFL preparation classes to undergraduate students, and the outbreak has had an effect on how those courses are delivered. However, there is a dearth of research on the most effective instructional strategies for delivering an online TOEFL preparation course to a large number of students who have no prior experience with online learning. Thus, this study examined the integration of task- and game-based learning into an online TOEFL preparation course taught at two Indonesian institutions over the period of twenty online class meetings totaling 40 class hours. It involved undergraduate students (N = 48) from Politeknik Perkeretaapian Indonesia Madiun's Railway Mechanical Technology study program and Universitas Muhadi Setiabudi's Management study program. 


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Author Biographies

Damar Isti Pratiwi, Politeknik Perkeretaapian Indonesia Madiun, Indonesia

Damar Isti Pratiwi is an English lecturer in Indonesian Railway Polytechnic. She got her Master degree from Semarang State University. She has taught English for 13 years in Indonesia and Thailand. Her research interest is in English education, teaching English with technology and English for specific purposes.

Budi Waluyo, School of Languages and General Education, Walailak University, Thailand

Budi Waluyo is a full-time English lecturer at School of Languages and General Education, Walailak
University Thailand. He finished his M.A. at the University of Manchester, U.K. and Ph.D. at Lehigh University, U.S.A. He received International Fellowships Program from Ford Foundation, USA, and Fulbright Presidential Scholarship from the U.S. government. His research interests involve English Language Teaching, Educational Technology, and International Education.


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How to Cite

Pratiwi, D. I., & Waluyo, B. (2022). INTEGRATING TASK- AND GAME-BASED LEARNING INTO AN ONLINE TOEFL PREPARATION COURSE DURING COVID-19 OUTBREAK. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 19(2), 37–67.