• Mun Pei Ng Department of Curriculum & Instructional Technology, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya
  • Norlidah Alias Department of Curriculum & Instructional Technology, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya
  • Dorothy DeWitt Department of Curriculum and Instructional Technology Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur




Gamification, Mandarin as a Second Language, learning Mandarin


Purpose - Gamification is an effective method to boost students’ academic achievement and engagement in second language learning. This study aimed to test the effectiveness of the gamification application, Class Dojo, among Year 4 pupils who are learning Mandarin as a Second Language (MSL). It also sought to investigate how the MSL learners became more engaged in learning Mandarin when using Class Dojo.

Methodology – A quasi-experimental design with a pre-test and a post-test was conducted to collect data among thirty (30) Year 4 pupils enrolled in the MSL course. The pre-test and a post-test were used to determine the effectiveness of Class Dojo in elevating the pupils’ achievement in learning MSL. The mean scores of the pre-test and post-test were compared and analyzed using t-tests to determine if they were significantly different. Data from observations, the pupils’self-reflective journal, and the collection of ‘Dojo Points’ were grouped into five main themes and analyzed in order to investigate how the participants were engaged in learning MSL.

Findings – The findings showed that there was a significant improvement in the academic results of the participants. The pupils’ high rate of attendance, task completion, frequent Mandarin usage, positive behavior, and favorable perceptions of Class Dojo indicated that they were engaged in learning in the MSL class.

Significance – The findings of this study provide MSL educators and instructional designers with information to consider whether gamification applications could be used as an effective teaching tool or virtual class management tool to enhance pupils’ engagement and improve learning outcomes.


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Author Biographies

Mun Pei Ng, Department of Curriculum & Instructional Technology, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya

Ng Mun Pei is graduate Masters of Education candidate pursuing her studies at the Department of Curriculum and Instructional Technology, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.

Norlidah Alias, Department of Curriculum & Instructional Technology, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya

Dr Norlidah Alias is an Associate Professor at the Department of Curriculum and Instructional Technology, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.


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How to Cite

Mun Pei Ng, Alias, N., & DeWitt, D. (2022). EFFECTIVENESS OF A GAMIFICATION APPLICATION IN LEARNING MANDARIN AS A SECOND LANGUAGE. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 19(2), 183–211. https://doi.org/10.32890/mjli2022.19.2.7