PROPOSED IMPROVEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY HEALTH IN GAMELAN WIRUN PALU GONGSO INDUSTRY USING PARTICIPATORY ERGONOMICS APPROACH

Authors

  • Bambang Suhardi Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126, Indonesia
  • Agustina Citrawati Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126, Indonesia
  • Rahmaniyah Dwi Astuti Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126, Indonesia
  • Iksan Adiasa Faculty of System Engineering, Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa, Kabupaten Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat. 84371, Indonesia

Keywords:

Participatory ergonomics, ILO-PATRIS check sheet, occupational safety and health, delphi method

Abstract

Gamelan Wirun Palu Gongso Industry is one of the businesses in the informal sector that produces several gamelan instruments such as gong, bonang, and kempul that has not paid attention to occupational safety and health (OSH). Based on observations, there are unsafe behaviors and conditions, health problems, and accidents experienced by workers. This study aims to identify hazards in the workplace, determine the highest priority of hazards to be solved, and then provide recommendations for improvement based on the priority. A participatory ergonomic approach is used to solve the problems in this study. ILO-PATRIS Check Sheet is used to identify hazards in the workplace. The Delphi method determines the hazards with the highest priority for improvement. The Delphi method is a group of interaction processes between researchers and a group of experts identified on a particular topic, usually asking a question that allows a communication process to discuss complex problems but does not allow attending in one meeting. The result of the ILO-PATRIS Check Sheet shows 19 sub-aspects in the workplace that need improvements.

References

Aznam, S. A., Safitri, D. M., & Anggraini, R. D. (2017). Ergonomi Partisipatif Untuk Mengurangi Potensi Terjadinya Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. Jurnal Teknik Industri, 7(2).

Christie, C. A., & Barela, E. (2005). The Delphi technique as a method for increasing inclusion in the evaluation process. The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, 20(1), 105.

de Macedo GuimarĂ£es, L. B., Anzanello, M. J., Ribeiro, J. L. D., & Saurin, T. A. (2015). Participatory ergonomics intervention for improving human and production outcomes of a Brazilian furniture company. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 49, 97-107.

Giannarou, L., & Zervas, E. (2014). Using Delphi technique to build consensus in practice. International Journal of Business Science & Applied Management (IJBSAM), 9(2), 65-82.

Haines, H., Wilson, J. R., Vink, P., & Koningsveld, E. (2002). Validating a framework for participatory ergonomics (the PEF). Ergonomics, 45(4), 309-327.

Hendrick, H. W., & Kleiner, B. M. (2002). Macroergonomics: Theory, methods, and applications. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Hidayat, A. H., & Purnomo, H. (2014). Desain Pengering kerupuk menggunakan metode ergonomi partisipatori. In Seminar Nasinal IENACO (pp. 474-483).

Imada, A. S., & Robertson, M. M. (1987, September). Cultural perspectives in participatory ergonomics. In Proceedings of the Human Factors Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 31, No. 9, pp. 1019-1022). Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications.

Kittell-Limerick, P. (2005). Perceived barriers to completion of the academic doctorate: A Delphi study. Texas A&M University-Commerce.

Kuorinka, I. (1997). Tools and means of implementing participatory ergonomics. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 19(4), 267-270.

Markkannen, P. (2003). Improving safety, health and the working environment in the informal footwear sector: PATRIS operator's manual (Participatory Action Training for Informal Sector Operators). International Labour Organization.

Nagamachi, M. (1995). Requisites and practices of participatory ergonomics. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 15(5), 371-377.

Salvendy, G., & Karwowski, W. (Eds.). (2021). Handbook of human factors and ergonomics. John Wiley & Sons.

Sidiq, J. M. (2016). Perbaikan Sistem Kerja di Stasiun Kerja Assembly Sol Pabrik Kerajinan Sepatu Yessy dengan Pendekatan Metode 5S.

Statistik, B. P., di Indonesia Februari, K. A. K., Beal, T., Tumilowicz, A., Sutrisna, A., & Izwardy, D. Abuya, BA, EO Onsomu, and JK Kimani." Influence of Maternal Education on Child Immunization in Kenya." Matern Child Health Journal, September 2010: 1396-1398. Badan Pusat Statistik. Berita Resmi Statistik. 16 Juli 2018. https://www. bps. go. id/pressrelease/2018/07/16/1483/persentase. Policy, 123, 144.

Suhardi, B., Zoratoshi, N., Laksono, P. W., & Custodio, B. (2016, October). Ergonomic checkpoints as the base of stamping station work facilities improvement. In 2016 2nd International Conference of Industrial, Mechanical, Electrical, and Chemical Engineering (ICIMECE) (pp. 136-141). IEEE.

Sukapto, P., Djojosubroto, H., & Audiandra, K. (2016). Penerapan Participatory Ergonomics dalam Perbaikan Sistem K3 Di Bagian Laminating Dan Cutting (studi Kasus Di Pt Primarindo Asia Infrastructure Tbk). Journal of Engineering and Management in Industrial System, 4(1), 77-85.

Sunyoto, D. (2012). Manajemen sumber daya manusia. Yogyakarta: Caps.

Downloads

Published

2022-07-29

Most read articles by the same author(s)