• Maher Osama Nasser Masood Faculty of Law, Al Azhar University, Palestine, Gaza
  • Ahmed M A Hamad Faculty of Law, Al Azhar University, Palestine, Gaza
  • Mukhriz Mat Rus School of Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia



International and National Law, Doctrine of Monism, Doctrine of Dualism, Palestinian Case


This paper examines the issue of the relationship between international and national law that leads to the gradation of laws. Is international law superior or inferior to national law? This question pushed the existing theoretical positions to find more convincing answers and practical solutions to this question. The article differentiates between two doctrines, the first is monism between international and national law, and the second is the dualism between international and national law. The status of international law in the national legal system is determined by the national constitution of each country. The article discusses a crucial issue associated with a substantial principle on which international law is based: the principle of state sovereignty and the critical relationship between international law and national law. The article aims to clarify the nature of the relationship with a specific reference to the experiences and challenges faced by the State of Palestine. To achieve the objectives of the article, doctrinal legal research methodology was adopted. Accordingly, this study concluded that there are two conflicting doctrines in determining the status of international law in the national legal system. Since the establishment of the State of Palestine and being a non-member observer state at the United Nations, the Palestinian legislature has adopted the doctrine of monism. The study would assist the international community in understanding the legal nature of the Palestinian constitutional system and its position related to the value of treaties in Palestine. The study emphasises the need to harmonise Palestinian legislation in order to be in line with international treaties.

Author Biographies

Maher Osama Nasser Masood , Faculty of Law, Al Azhar University, Palestine, Gaza

He is serving currently as a full-time lecturer at the Faculty of Law in Al Azhar University - Gaza, teaching many courses in both Arabic and English Sections including; Public International Law, International Humanitarian Law, International Criminal Law, Diplomatic Law, and International Organizations. He is a Palestinian Advocate registered in the Palestinian Bar Association.

Legal Consultant of the Friends of the ICC Association. (Part-Time)


Legal Assistant at "Charter of Defense and Legal Consultations office" (Part-Time)

Mukhriz Mat Rus , School of Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia

Mukhriz is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Law, College of Law, Government and International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM). Before joining the academia, he served at the Attorney General’s Chambers as Deputy Public Prosecutor of Penang (2008-2011) and Deputy Public Prosecutor of the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (2011 to 2015). He was called to the Bar as an advocate and solicitor in 2014. Mukhriz obtained LL.B (Hons) in 2007 from the International Islamic University of Malaysia and later LL.M from the National University of Malaysia in 2014. In 2019, he completed his PhD (Law) at the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, School of Law, University of Leeds, United Kingdom. His areas of expertise and interest include criminal law, criminal justice, counter-terrorism law, human rights, and anti-corruption law. He often adopts the socio-legal approach in conducting research, which emphasises links between law and society.  


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