Mothers' Involvement: Children's Perception of Maternal Childrearing Practices


  • Zahyah Hanafi Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Education, Universiti Utara Malaysia


The purpose of this study is to identify maternal childrearing practices (achievement values, monitoring, and discussion) among employed and unemployed Malaysian mothers. Generally, these mothers have similar levels of childrearing practices. They instill high achievement values, conduct consistent monitoring on their children, and carry out regular discussions with them. They only differ in terms of monitoring. Discussion, implications, recommendations, and suggestions for future study are included.



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How to Cite

Hanafi, Z. (2004). Mothers’ Involvement: Children’s Perception of Maternal Childrearing Practices. Malaysian Management Journal, 8(1), 1–9. Retrieved from