Opinion Triplet Extraction for Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis Using Co-Extraction Approach
In aspect-based sentiment analysis, tasks are diverse and consist of aspect term extraction, aspect categorization, opinion term extraction, sentiment polarity classification, and relation extractions of aspect and opinion terms. These tasks are generally carried out sequentially using more than one model. However, this approach is inefficient and likely to reduce the model’s performance due to cumulative errors in previous processes. The co-extraction approach with Dual crOss-sharEd RNN (DOER) and span-based multitask acquired better performance than the pipelined approaches in English review data. Therefore, this research focuses on adapting the co-extraction approach where the extraction of aspect terms, opinion terms, and sentiment polarity are conducted simultaneously from review texts. The co-extraction approach was adapted by modifying the original frameworks to perform unhandled subtask to get the opinion triplet. Furthermore, the output layer on these frameworks was modified and trained using a collection of Indonesian-language hotel reviews. The adaptation was conducted by testing the output layer topology for aspect and opinion term extraction as well as variations in the type of recurrent neural network cells and model hyperparameters used, and then analysing the results to obtain a conclusion. The two proposed frameworks were able to carry out opinion triplet extraction and achieve decent performance. The DOER framework achieves better performance than the baselines on aspect and opinion term extraction tasks.
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