IMAGE-BASED OIL PALM LEAVES DISEASE DETECTION USING CONVOLUTIONAL NEURAL NETWORK
Keywords:AlexNet, convolutional neural network, leaf disease, oilpalm, support vector machine
Over the years, numerous studies have been conducted on the integration of computer vision and machine learning in plant disease detection. However, these conventional machine learning methods often require the contour segmentation of the infected region from the entire leaf region and the manual extraction of different discriminative features before the classification models can be developed. In this study, deep learning models, specifically, the AlexNet convolutional neural network (CNN) and the combination of AlexNet and support vector machine (AlexNet-SVM), which overcome the limitation of handcrafting of feature representation were implemented for oil palm leaf disease identification. The images of healthy and infected leaf samples were collected, resized, and renamed before the model training. These images were directly used to fit the classification models, without the need for segmentation and feature extraction as in models, without the need for segmentation and feature extraction as in the conventional machine learning methods. The optimal architecture of AlexNet CNN and AlexNet-SVM models were then determined and subsequently applied for the oil palm leaf disease identification.Comparative studies showed that the overall performance of the AlexNet CNN model outperformed AlexNet-SVM-based classifier.
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