Journal of Information and Communication Technology (JICT) is a refereed journal published by Universiti Utara Malaysia. The journal covers all aspects of information and communication technology, its theories and application. The journal is published in English and it is open to authors around the world. Coverage will include but is not limited to issues surrounding: Computer System Organization, Hardware, Software, Data, Theory of Computation, Mathematics of Computing, Information Systems, Computing Methodologies, Computer Applications and Computer Milieus.