Social Security Management Journal (SSMJ) is a refereed academic journal published biannually (April & October) by UUM Press and managed by the Social Security Management Centre of Excellence (SOSCoE), School of Business Management (SBM), Universiti Utara Malaysia. A manuscript submitted to the Editorial Board must be an original work. SSMJ is an open access journal and practices the principle of double-blind review by expertise both from abroad or local referees.