Social Support among Elderly in Institutions: Towards Healthy Aging (Sokongan Sosial dalam Kalangan Warga Emas di Institusi: Ke Arah Penuaan Sihat)


  • Nabisah Ibrahim School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, Universiti Utara Malaysia



Healthy Aging, Social Support, Elderly in Institutions


This paper aims to discuss the importance of social support in developing healthy aging among elderly in institutions. It covers a discussion on the factors that are required to define the availability of social support for the elderly and what kinds of support systems needed in order to maintain healthy aging. Realizing about the limitation of support system available for elderly in institutions, this paper also includes the discussion on factors that inhibits social support among this marginal group and provides strategies and intervention on how to enhance the availability of social support for this population.


Metrics Loading ...


Al-Jawad, M., Rashid, A. K., & Narayan, K. A. (2007). Prevalence of undetected cognitive impairment and depression in residents of an elderly care home. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 62(5), 375-379.
Al-Kandari, Y., (2011). Relationship of strength of social support and frequency of social contact with hypertension and general health status among older adults in the mobile care unit Kuwait. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 26(2), 175-187.
Backman, K., & Hentinen, M., (2001). Factors associated with the self-care of home-dwelling elderly. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 15(3), 195-202.
Cattan, M., Kime, N., &Bagnall, A. (2011).The use of telephone befriending in low level support for socially isolated older people - an evaluation. Health & Social Care in The Community, 19(2), 198-206.
Cattan M., White M., Bond J. & Learmouth A. (2005) Preventing social isolation and loneliness among older people: A systematic review of health promotion activities. Aging and Society, 25, 41–67.
Chu, H. C., & Chow, P. C. (2008). Providing grief counseling to a major depressive elderly widower: a nurse’s experience. Hu Li Za Zhi, 55(5), 90-96.
Choi, N. S. (1996). The relationship between social support and health status of elderly people: Does social support slow down physical and functional deterioration?. Social Work Research, 20(1), 52.
Choi, N. G., & Wodarski, J. S. (1996). The relationship between social support and health status of elderly people: Does social support slow down physical and functional deterioration? Social Work Research, 20(1), 52-63.
Exercise promotes health--and slows aging--in the elderly. (cover story). (1997). Brown University Long-Ternm Care Quality Advisor, 9(11), 1.
Gardner, P. J. (2011). Natural neighborhood networks — Important social networks in the lives of older adults aging in place. Journal of Aging Studies, 25(3), 263-271.
Himes, C. L. (1992). Future caregivers: Projected family structures of older persons. Journal of Gerontology, 47(1), 17-26.
Hupcey, J. E. (1998). Social support: Assessing conceptual coherence. Qualitative Health Research, 8, 304-318.
Liu, J. Jr., & Richardson, P. K. (2012). Successful aging in older adults with disability. OTJR: Occupation, Participation & Health, 32(4), 126-134.
Litwin, H. (2010). Social networks and well-being: A comparison of older people in Mediterranean and Non-Mediterranean countries. Journals Of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences, 65B(5), 599-608.
Masotti, P., Fick, R., Johnson-Masotti, A., & MacLeod, S. (2006). Community matters in healthy aging. Healthy naturally occurring retirement communities: a low-cost approach to facilitating healthy aging. American Journal Of Public Health, 96(7), 1164-1170.
Mullins, L. C., & Dugan, E. (1990). The influence of depression, and family and friendship relations, on residents’ loneliness in congregate housing. Gerontologist, 30, 377-384.
Murtaugh, C.M., Kemper, P., Spillman, B.C., &Carlson, B.L. (1997). The amount, distribution and timing of lifetime nursing home use.Medical Care, 35(3), 204–18.
Newman, M. B., & Newman, P. R. (2006). Development through: A psychosocial approach (9th ed.). The United States: Thomson Wadsworth.
Pfeil, U., Syangstu, K., Ang, C.,&Zaphiris, P. (2011).Social roles in an online support community for older people.International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 27(4), 323-347.
Price, J. M., & Sanford, A. J. (2012). Reading in healthy ageing: The influence of information structuring in sentences. Psychology And Aging, 27(2), 529-540.
Rigby, J.J., Payne, S.S., & Froggatt, K.K. (2010). What evidence is there about the specific environmental needs of older people who are near the end of life and are care for in hospices or similar institutions? A literature review.Palliative Medicine, 24(3), 268-285.
Smith, M., & Rosen, D. (2009). Mistrust and self-isolation: Barriers to social support for older adult methadone clients. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 52(7), 653-667.
Thanakwang, K., &Soonthorndhada, K. (2011).Mechanisms by which support networks influence healthy aging among Thai community-dwelling elderly.Journal of Aging & Health, 23(8), 1352-1378.
Tohit, N., Browning, C., & Radermacher, H. (2012). ‘We want a peaceful life here and hereafter’: healthy ageing perspectives of older Malays in Malaysia. Ageing & Society, 32(3), 405-424.
Tsai, H., Tsai, Y., Wang, H., Chang, Y., & Chu, H. (2010). Videoconference program enhances social support, loneliness, and depressive status of elderly nursing home residents. Aging & Mental Health, 14(8), 947-954.
Veiel, H. O. F., & Baumann, U. (1992). The meaning and measurement of social support. New York: Hemisphere.
Wilby, F. (2011). Depression and social networks in community dwelling elders: A descriptive study. Journal of Gerontological Social Work. 54 (3), 246-259.
Winner, J.M. & Tilly, J. (2012).,Population ageing in the United States of America: implications for public programmes. Internationla Journal ofEpidemiology. 31 (4), 776-781.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Ibrahim, N. (2020). Social Support among Elderly in Institutions: Towards Healthy Aging (Sokongan Sosial dalam Kalangan Warga Emas di Institusi: Ke Arah Penuaan Sihat). Jurnal Pembangunan Sosial, 23, 129–143.