THE PRINCIPLE OF NON-INTERFERENCE CURTAILS ASEAN ACTION IN ADDRESSING HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION IN MYANMAR

Authors

  • Endi Haryono International Relations Department, President University, Indonesia
  • Abdullah Sumrahadi International Relations Department, President University, Indonesia
  • Anak Agung Istri Ratu Masayu Narayani International Relations Department, President University, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32890/jis2024.20.1.9

Keywords:

ASEAN, Myanmar, Non-Interference, Human Rights, Democracy

Abstract

This article described and analyzed the dilemma faced by ASEAN under its non-interference principle in managing the human rights
issues in Myanmar. The presence of that principle severely curtails ASEAN’s firm action to promote and protect human rights strongly
based on the ASEAN’s commitment written in the ASEAN Charter and the ASEAN Declaration of Human Rights (ADHR). This article
utilizes the qualitative research method supported by secondary data to provide an in-depth and comprehensive analysis. ASEAN’s
protection of human rights is reflected by its active conduct of regular discussions and engagements on human rights issues in the region, the adoption of the ADHR, and the establishment of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR). The
human rights issues gained more attention in ASEAN in 1997 as the United States and European Union opposed the ASEAN decision to
accept Myanmar as a member on the grounds of the human rights violations record in Myanmar. The membership in ASEAN did not
improve the human rights record in Myanmar as ASEAN had hoped for. Myanmar embarked on other human rights violations, among
others the Rohingya crisis (2012) and the military coup against the democratic government (2021) that sparked criticism from abroad
and within ASEAN. This study concluded that the principle of noninterference has set the limit and curtailed ASEAN’s contribution
toward optimally addressing human rights violations in Myanmar. ASEAN may need in the future a new and comprehensive mechanism for addressing human rights violations. A stronger constructive engagement policy should be put in place to set a universal standard to protect human rights in the region. 

Additional Files

Published

12-05-2024

How to Cite

Endi Haryono, Abdullah Sumrahadi, & Anak Agung Istri Ratu Masayu Narayani. (2024). THE PRINCIPLE OF NON-INTERFERENCE CURTAILS ASEAN ACTION IN ADDRESSING HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION IN MYANMAR. Journal of International Studies, 20(1), 233–261. https://doi.org/10.32890/jis2024.20.1.9