A COLLISION AWARE PRIORITY LEVEL MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL PROTOCOL FOR UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SENSOR NETWORKS
Keywords:Underwater acoustic sensor network, medium access control protocol, handshaking protocol, channel aware aloha, quality of service
AbstractThe Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network (UASN) plays a significant role in many application areas like surveillance, security, commercial and industrial applications. In UASN routing, propagation delay and collision are perennial problems due to data transfers from various sensor nodes to the Sink Node (SN) at the same time. In this paper, we propose a Collision Aware Priority Level mechanism based on Medium Access Control protocol (CAPL-MAC) for transferring data from the Sensor Head (SH) to the SN. In the proposed protocol, we use Parallel Competition Scheme (PCS) for high channel utilization and energy saving of battery. In each Competition Cycle (CC), the data packet produced by each SH in a different time slot can joinin CC for data packet transmission in parallel with high channel utilization. In CAPL-MAC, each SH is assigned with a different Priority Level Number (PLN) during every CC. Instead of broadcasting, each SH sends its respective PLN to each SH with the help of the nearest SH to save battery energy. Based on the highest PLN, each SH communicates with SN without collision, and it will also reduce propagation delay as well as improve timing efficiency. Finally, Quality of Service is also improved. We adopt the single-layer approach with the handshaking protocol for communication. We carried out the simulation utilizing Aqua-Sim Network Simulator 2. The simulation results showed that the proposed CAPL-MAC protocol achieved the earlier stated performance rather than by existing protocols suchas Competitive Transmission-MAC and Channel Aware Aloha.