Manuscript Guidelines

This is a guideline for authors who are interested to submit their paper to the JETH. Submitting manuscripts in the correct format and in compliance to the requirements will expedite the review process and prevent undue delay in publication. The publisher reserves the right to reject or return manuscripts which are not prepared according to the stipulated guidelines.


Manuscripts should be accompanied by a cover letter stating that the material has not been published, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere.


All appropriate co-authors must be included on the paper, and all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication. Only e-mail address of corresponding author must be provided.


The manuscript must be in 11-point font, Times New Roman, double spacing. The page size MUST be set to Letter (8-1/2”x11”) on “Page Setup” of your Word screen, beginning 2.54cm from the top of the page. The left and right margins are set as 2.54 cm. The text should be in one columns. The length of manuscript must be between 6000 and 8000 words excluding title page and references.


HEADING in capital, bold face font and center 11- point

A short abstract (not more than 250 word) in a single paragraph should be included here. An Abstract summarizes the major aspects of a paper. The abstract should have the following elements: the purpose, methodology, the results, and a conclusion emphasizing new and significance contribution of the study. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

Article in Bahasa Malaysia must include title and abstract in English.

Keywords: list up not more than 5 key words.

Heading of Manuscript

Section Heads/Primary Heading centered, bold, 11-point and uppercase letters. For example: -


Subsection Heads

Sub-section heads or secondary headings or second-level headings should be bold-faced, 11-point in upper and lower case as shown. For subsection heads, a word like “the” or “a” is not capitalized unless it is the first word of the header.





Text begins indented as a new paragraph


Flush Left, Bold, Title Case Heading

 Text begins as a new paragraph


Flush Left, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading

 Text begins as a new paragraph.


Flush Left, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading

Text begins as a new paragraph.


Indented, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading, Ending with a Period. 

Text begins on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph.

The first paragraph text begins with no indent. Each manuscript should not exceed 25 pages.

Text Citation of References

Within text of an article, references are to be cited by last name of author(s) and year publication. See Table 2:

Example of Writing in-Text Citations using APA 7th Edition

Number of authors of the reference

Citation at the end of the sentence

Citation in the sentence

1 Author

(Forouzan, 2007)

Forouzan (2007) proposed …

2 Authors

(Wegener & Petty, 1994)

Wegener and Petty (1994) suggested …

3+ Authors

(Morgan et al., 2017)

The study by Morgan et al. (2017) found …

Multiple Works with Similar Group of Authors

Sparrow (1980a) discovered…
It was also noted (Sparrow, 1980b; Kheisin, 1992) that…

Organization as an Author

If the Author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase the first time you cite the source.

World Health Organization. (2020) …

If the organization has well-known abbreviation, you may include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in latter citations.

First citation: (World Health Organization [WHO], 2020)
Second citation (WHO, 2020)

* Permissions

Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors. All figures should be in high resolution and readable. Authors are encouraged to submit the original format and file of the figures (not an image) if they are created using other software.

Each table is preceded by the capitalized word “table” followed by an Arabic number (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, and Table 3). The number given to a table is determined by the order in which that table is referred to in the text (i.e., the first table discussed is Table 1, the second is Table 2, and so on). Capitalize “table,” put a period after the table number, and do not bold or italicize the text. Example: Table 1. 2. Each table has a unique title written directly below the table number. Titles should be brief yet descriptive. Capitalize each major word in the title (but not of, on, in, and, etc.). Italicize titles. Don’t put a period. Example: Mean Performance Scores of Students With Dierent College Majors. Double-space the entire table. This includes the number, the title, the rows and columns, and any notes to the table. Put lines in a table only when they are necessary for clarity. Horizontal lines are permissible; vertical lines are not. Tables should be numbered with Arabic format. The tables should be in MS word and placed where interpretation of table is carried out. The table should not be enclosed on separate sheet

Figure(s) should be cited in Arabic format. For Example; Figure 1. The Figure(s) should be clear enough to read and interpret

The list of non- standard abbreviations will be added by the author(s). All mathematical equations should be typed as text. For this purpose equations editor is preferred. Equation in the form of the image is not acceptable.

Before submitting your paper please ensures that it has been carefully read for typographical and grammatical errors. If English is not your first language, please have your paper proofread by an English speaking person. Papers will be returned if the standard of English is not considered to be good enough for publication.


Number equations consecutively with equation numbers in parentheses flush. Use the equation editor to create an equation. Be sure the symbols in the equations are defined right after the equation appears or immediately following.


Any acknowledgments by the author may appear here. The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief and concise. For example:

1. Single grant- This work was supported by the __________ (Name of the Grant) _________
(Grant number, year).

2. Multiple grants- separated by comma and space.
This work was supported by the Name of the Grant1 [grant numbers xxx, year]; Name of the
Grant2 [grant number yyy, year]; and Name of the Grant3 [grant number aaa, year].

3. If Services and Facilities involved:
Example: The authors gratefully acknowledge use of service and facilities of the Human-Centered Computing Research lab at Unviersiti Utara Malaysia, funded by Prototype Research Grant Scheme, Ministry of Higher Education [grant number and year].

4. Non-funded
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for profit sectors.


List of References shall be arranged in alphabetical order of last name of first-named author for with more than one author. Do not number them. Please refer and follow the APA Style 7th ed.

For examples: -

Journal Article

Simon, A. (2000). Perceptual comparisons through the mind’s eye. Memory & Cognition, 23, 635-647.


Flynn, J.R. (2007). What is intelligence? Beyond the Flynn effect. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.

Chapter in a book or entry in a reference book

Nunes, T. (2002). The role of systems of signs in reasoning. In T. Brown & L. Smith (Eds.),
Reductionism and the development of knowledge (pp. 133-158). Mawah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Journal article with DOI (Digital Object Identifier)

Brown, L.s. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association.

Journal article without DOI

VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the section of
resources by psychology undergraduates. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123.

Conference Sessions, Papers, and Posters

Pearson, J. (2018, September 27-30). Fat talk and its effects on state-based body image in women [Poster
presentation]. Australian Psychological Society Congress, Sydney, NSW, Australia.