FORECASTING RAINFALL VOLUME IN SELANGOR WITH A COMBINED ARIMA MODEL
Keywords:ARIMA, Combined Models, Forecasting, Rainfall Volume, Time Series Model
Flash flood is the most hazardous type of flooding, mainly caused by extensive rainfall. It also can cause significant harm to a community’s economy, ecology, and society without warning at an irrational pace. Therefore, this study was conducted to detect the time series element within the rainfall data, select the optimal model, and make predictions about the volume of rainfall in Selangor. A variety of univariate time series models were utilized, including the naïve model, decomposition model, Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model, exponential models, and combined models. Historical monthly rainfall data collected from Petaling station and Subang station from 2018 to 2022 were used to estimate the parameters of the models, and the model was evaluated for the smallest error of measurements. Previous research mostly focused on complex methodologies for forecasting rainfall. However, this research aimed to identify a simple tool for fast prediction of rainfall. The results showed that the combination of the ARIMA (2,0,3) model from Petaling Station and the ARIMA (4,0,4) model from Subang station were able to capture the trends and seasons in the time series with the lowest error of measurement on short-term predictions of rainfall volume. Furthermore, the study delves into the concept of combined time series models, which are blended using weighted performance measures to enhance prediction accuracy further. The research acknowledges certain limitations of univariate time series models, notably their inability to account for intricate interactions among environmental variables and potential long-term trends, such as those stemming from climate change. Overall, the study explores the potential of combining models to refine predictions for forecasting rainfall volume in Klang Valley.
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