IMPROVEMENT OF WORK TEMPERATURE AT CONTENT PRINTING WORKSTATION IN PUBLISHERS AND PRINTING CV GRAFIKA DUA TUJUH

  • Bambang Suhardi Industrial Engineering Lecturers, Engineering Faculty, Sebelas Maret University
  • Dwinda Asyfi Addina Industrial Engineering Lecturers, Engineering Faculty, Sebelas Maret University
  • Rahmaniyah Dwi Astuti Industrial Engineering Alumni, Engineering Faculty, Sebelas Maret University

Abstract

CV. Grafika Dua Tujuh is an industry engaged in publishing and printing books and student worksheets located in Klaten. The average output produced daily is 85.400 books and student worksheets, while the company has a production target of 90.000 books and student worksheets. Based on the results of interviews with workers, the level of production that is not maximal is caused by an uncomfortable working environment. Workers in the production room complained about the condition of a hot work environment so that workers feel easily tired and lack of concentration. To overcome the hot workplace, workers often go to the restroom and they work while holding the hand fan. This condition disturbed their concentration and cause work errors. If this condition is carried out continuously, there will be a lot of lost work time which can cause a decrease in productivity. This study aims to analyze the improvement of working temperature conditions in the production room of CV. Grafika Dua Tujuh. This research was conducted by directly measuring thermal conditions in the entire production room of CV. Grafika Dua Tujuh. Determination of the coordinate point of room temperature measurement is based on SNI: 16-7061-2004. Workload assessment is carried out based on SNI 7269: 2009. The results of the measurement of work climate at the content printing workstation are the values of air temperature, humidity, and wind speed i.e 33.32 °C, 39.9%, and 0 m/s. In addition, Wet Bulb Globe Temperature Index (WBGT) value is obtained which is on the verge of a limit, i.e 29.90 °C for the category of the heavy workload with an allocation of working time of 87.5%. The temperature is above the standard set by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia No. 1405 / MENKES / 2002 which sets the temperature in an industrial room ranging from 18 °C - 28 °C. Improvement for working temperature is done by engineering control, namely the installation of a turbine ventilator or exhaust fan.

References

Amin, Z., & Adha, M. (2017). Automatic Temperature and Humidity Control System for Fruit Storage Room. METAL, 1(2), 77-90.
Huda, L., & Pandiangan, K. (2012). Thermal Assessment Due to Heat Exposure and Work Environment Improvement. Jurnal Teknik Industri, 14(2), 129-136.
Karim, L., Qiram, I., & Sartika, D. (2018). The Influence of the Number and Angle of Vertical Blade Angle of the Cyclone Turbine Ventilator on the Thermal Comfort of the Room. V-Mac, 3(2), 20-23.
Lien, J., & Ahmed, N. (2002). Indoor Air Quality Measurement with the Installation of a Rooftop Turbine Ventilator. Journal of Environmental Protection, 3, 1498-1508.
Mamahit, P., Kawatu, P., & Molanda, N. (2016). The Relationship Between Work Climate and Labor Productivity at PT. Tropica Cocoprima, Lelema, Tumpaan District, Minahasa Selaman Regency. Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi, 5(1), 335-361.
Meri, M., & Putra, H. (2016). Control of Work Environment Heat Pressure Based on the ISBB Method. National Conference of Applied Sciences, Engineering, Business, and Information Technology.
Ministry of Health. (2002). Decree of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number 1405 of 2002 Concerning Health Requirements for Office and Industrial Work Environment.
Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration. (2011). Minister of Manpower and Transmigration Regulation No. 13 of 2011 concerning Threshold Value of Physical and Chemical Factors in the Workplace.
Munandar, A. (2001). Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Depok: University of Indonesia.
National Standardization Agency of Indonesia. (2009). Workload Assessment Based on the Level of Calorie Needs according to Energy Expenditure.
Pandiangan, C., Huda, N., & Rambe, M. (2013). Analysis of Ventilation System Design in Increasing the Thermal Comfort of Workers in the Formulation Room of PT. XYZ. Jurnal Teknik Industri, 1(1), 1-6.
Rasyid, M., Surachman, & Sugiono. (2016). Analysis of Work Station Improvement in Garment Production Process Using Environment Ergonomic Approach. JEMIS, 4(2), 121-129.
Rifa, R., Al-Obaidi, K., & Rahman, A. (2014). Improving Stack Effect in Hot Humid Building Interiors with Hybrid Turbine Ventilator(s). MATEC Web of Conferences 17, 17, 1-10.
Senata, I.W., Nuridja, I.M., Suwena, K.R.(2014). Pengaruh Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Produktivitas Kerja Karyawan UD. Kembang Sari Kabupaten Badung Tahun 2012 (The Effect of Work Environment on Work Productivity Employees of UD. Kembang Sari Badung Regency in 2012). Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi UNDIKSHA, 4(1), 1-10
Wyon, D., & Wargocki, P. (2005). Room Temperature Effects on Office Work. Creating the Productive Workplace (Second Ed ed.). (Clement-Croome, Ed.) London: Taylor and Francis.
Published
2020-12-29
How to Cite
SUHARDI, Bambang; ADDINA, Dwinda Asyfi; ASTUTI, Rahmaniyah Dwi. IMPROVEMENT OF WORK TEMPERATURE AT CONTENT PRINTING WORKSTATION IN PUBLISHERS AND PRINTING CV GRAFIKA DUA TUJUH. Journal of Technology and Operations Management, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 2, p. 52-62, dec. 2020. ISSN 2590-4175. Available at: <http://e-journal.uum.edu.my/index.php/jtom/article/view/11092>. Date accessed: 15 apr. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.32890/jtom2020.15.2.11092.