ELITE POLITICS OF ARFAK TRIBE OF MANOKWARI IN THE ERA OF SPECIAL AUTONOMY
Identity politics is the main focus of the Arfak elite directly, so in practice it involves the role of informal actors and structures of Arfak figures and bureaucracy in Manokwari. The political process gave birth to an ethnic spirit that has increasingly fostered identity in the fabric of life since the current democratic era. First, identity politics gives a large space for the emergence of the spirit of actors / characters to strengthen the position of the elite and local authorities in Manokwari. Second, the role and structure of traditional institutions and political parties in the region. Third, ethnic identity politics developed in Manokwari, which is based on the spirit of true pragmatism, encourages ethnic ethnicity to become a political force that is so special autonomy arises with the birth and birth of a harmonious political culture for Manokwari, West Papua Province.Research with qualitative methods to enable researchers to understand the political attitudes and behavior of the Arfak tribal elites in depth. This qualitative method requires researchers to immerse themselves in the social settings studied, observe people in their natural environment, and participate in their activities. For this reason, this qualitative method is considered appropriate with the aim of research that is to explain the movements of the Arfak tribal elites in politics and government as their strategies to survive. The practice of identity politics in the dynamics of the contestation of Arfak tribal elites began to emerge in the era of Special Autonomy. Where ethnic identity is the result of social interaction between Arfak tribes and other tribes or with immigrants.Ethnic-based Elite battles in Manokwari continue to involve indigenous Papuans in identity political contestation in political dynamics. The politics of Arfak tribal identity is influenced by primordial aspects. Support for political contestation is very dominant in ethnic control.The strengthening of the practice of identity politics in Manokwari was also marked by the strengthening of the identity of differences in tribes in Manokwari where the sociological implications of the strengthening of tribal organizations of the ethnic Papuan Manokwari, as well as non Manokwari and non-Papuan tribes, were also influenced by bureaucrats, the role of the chief, clergy, other religious leaders.
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