THE PREFERENCES OF ISLAM TOWARD TRANQUILITY FAMILY BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM IN GOWA SOCIETY
Marriage is an event of sacred and holy ritual for each individual. In the view of the Qur’an, one of the goals of marriage is to create tranquility(sakinah), affection (mawaddah) and grace (warahmah) among husband and wife with their children. Carrying out of a marriage is a religious order as well as follows the sunnah of Allah’s Apostles.Therefore, someone who has fulfilled the requirements for marriage is ordered to carry out a marriage. Islam has laid a foundation which strong enough and resilient to build a sakinah, mawaddah, warahmah family life. Many sakinah family problems are explained in Qur’an and Hadith. In addition, there are also values in the form of Pappaseng toriolo (the ancients advice) that support building a sakinah family.The reseach aims at examining the purpose of marriage based on the Qur’an and the Hadith which are integrated into the cultural values of local wisdom i.e. sipakatau (respect), sipakalabbiri (appreciate), sipakainga (mutual reminding), siri’ (self-esteem), pacce’ (empathy), kalambusang (honesty), abbulo sibatang (unity), and sipatokkong (cooperation). The method used in this study is qualitative method with content analysis using accidental sampling (nonprobability sampling) techniques which amounted to 55 teenagers of marriage age as respondents. The result of the study shows that the values of marriage in the Qur’an and Hadith in line with the values of culture and local wisdom. To realize the value of sakinah family, the value of sipakatau and sipakalabbiri occupy the highest category in building the sakinah family, i.d. each 14%, followed by the value of kambusang (11%), and tamatappu (10%). The values of these local wisdom if executed with the marriage values in accordance with Qur’an and Hadith will work togather to build marriage family life towards the family of sakinah, mawaddah, warahmah.
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