Leadership Styles and Performance of Public Sector Organizations: The Case of Saudi Arabia
In Saudi Arabia, public organizations have been associated with poor management and
performance. Little is understood about the reasons for such poor performance. Skilled
and trained leaders are required to sustain the performance of these organizations.
This paper focuses on the effect of leadership styles on the performance of Saudi Arabia
public organizations. Cross-sectional data of 400 employees working in 16 ministries
under the Saudi Arabia Government were obtained. The validity and reliability of
the measurement and structural model were tested. Partial Least Squares Structural
Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) was applied to test the study hypotheses. The result of
PLS-SEM analysis indicated a significant effect of leadership style on the organizational
performance at the 0.01 level of significance. Leadership styles play a critical role in
improving organizational performance in Saudi Arabian public organizations. Future
research is recommended to explore further the predictors affecting the performance
of public organizations in Saudi Arabia.
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